The century between 1851 and 1951 brought great change. One of the greatest changes was in democracy. In 1851 few people could vote, but by 1928 the cast majority of the population could take part in general elections. One of the hardest fought battles was for the extension of the franchise to women; the Suffragists, Suffragettes and the First World War all played a role.
Another important change was in welfare legislation. In 1851 poverty was rife and the government did little to help. However, legislation by the Liberal government before the First World War and the Labour government after the Second World War resulted in the creation of the Welfare State, which aimed to provide care for British people from the cradle to the grave.