Prehistoric evidence is particularly rich in Scotland. Archaeology can tell us a lot about what life was like in the Stone Age for the people who lived in Scotland. For example, the stone built houses of Skara Brae, situated in Orkney, is an excellent source of evidence.
History first came to Scotland with the arrival of the Romans during the Iron Age. To find out about this period we can examine the written accounts of the Romans and the archaeological evidence of Iron Age settlements. In the centuries following the Romans invasions, northern Britain was dominated by Picts, Scots, Britons, Angles and Vikings. By the end of the first millennium the Kingdom of Alba was formed - which we now know as Scotland.