The First World War was not the war to end all wars as many people hoped. In only two decades the Second World War broke out and Europe one more burned in the flames of conflict. However, this was a war that Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tried to avoid, appeasing Hitler at every point in the hope that his demands would be satisfied and war would be avoided. Unfortunately he failed. How did Chamberlain try to appease Hitler and why did he fail?