One of the most significant events that created modern Britain was the Industrial Revolution. The nation was transformed from a rural society based on agriculture to a smoky urban landscape. Factories were built wherever coal was found and towns grew into vast cities.
The lives of every man woman and child in the country changed: the population rocketed, agriculture and industry was transformed, transport was revolutionised by the locomotive, and disease riddled the squalid cities. Industrialistion helped Britain become the richest and most powerful country in the world, yet it blighted the lives of the ordinary people who had to live through this time of extraordinary change.